One of the most important skills that a modern leader can possess is the ability to align their entire workforce to the big vision of the company, that's why talking about how Google sets OKRs is very important!
Google owes its success to various factors. One such is the goal-setting methodology which has played a key role in the company’s rapid success. This framework is known as Objectives and Key Results (OKRs).
OKRs state the “what” goal of the company or where it is headed. Objectives are with key results under them in order to basically determine whether the organization has attained its objectives or not.
The key results should not be confused with “tasks” or a “to-do list”. Rather they should be the results of the tasks.
Larry Page of Google used this powerful tool to support his goal of making Google achieve growth by tenfold. It was a highly ambitious goal, but through OKRs, the company was able to progress rapidly and even exceed that goal.
How to Set OKRs Like Google - OKR at Google
Learning how Google sets OKRs will surely help to boost growth, productivity, and engagement in your organization. Check out the tips below.
Limit Your Objectives
Having too many objectives is not advisable. It will make you spread yourself too thin and hinders the focus of your team. In Google, for each employee ― from the CEO down to the level 1 employee, objectives don’t go above 5 items. There should be a maximum of 4 key results under each objective.
OKRs Need to Be Measurable
This is very important. In Google, OKRs are graded using a scale of 0-1. However, getting a perfect “1” is not the goal. In fact, if you achieve this score, you are only setting goals that are too easy in order to gain an unfair advantage.
You need to go out of your comfort zone. The best score would be 0.6 or 0.7. If the objectives you set make you feel uneasy, you are on the right track.
OKRs Have to be Visible
OKRs promote accountability and transparency. More importantly, they drive collaboration between teams. At Google, everyone knows what everybody’s OKRs are.
They can access it anytime through a centralized database. Even bottom team members can see what the CEO is working on and vice versa. This way, teams, and individual employees will know what help to offer and when.
50% of Organisational Objectives Need to Come from the Bottom-Up
In Google, managers don’t tell their members what to do. The company believes that fostering employee accountability for their contributions promotes engagement.
Google has a unique and effective hiring process that lets them choose the best people. Being confident in their capabilities, Google believes that employees have different views on what the business needs. OKR-setting in Google is multi-directional and considers employees’ feedback to be important.
OKRs Can Be Personal
Your OKRs may not be entirely about the goals of the organization. Managers encourage employees to set goals for themselves, especially when it comes to team-member levels. It can be adopting a new management habit or pursuing a passion.
They Should Be Beneficial to Your Employees
There’s no doubt that OKRs bring immense OKR benefits to your company as a whole. However, it should also aid your employees. The framework promotes discipline by encouraging people to set ambitious or challenging goals and work hard to attain them.
Managers Need to Work Closely With Their Members
In Google, managers conduct one-on-one coaching sessions or check-ins with their team members. This is not only to monitor their progress but also to provide guidance and ensure enlightenment.
These sessions facilitate open discussions about what the team member wants to do and what the company expects from him/her.
OKRs Are Not Performance Measures
This means that OKRs are not scorecards that can be utilized as the basis for promotion or salary increases.
While OKRs help managers assess how much an employee contributes to the overall goal of the company, they should not be used as a basis for recognition. This promotes even more engagement as employees would feel appreciated for their efforts.
Proper Cascading of OKRs
OKRs can be cascaded properly by mapping them across organizational teams and structures. As the leader, you should make sure that each of your teams and business units has the competencies and resources necessary to attain their objectives.
In view of the above, you will agree that knowing how Google sets OKRs can be very beneficial to your company. You can keep your employees in line with company goals through the S.M.A.R.T model as Google does.
It is important for managers to provide guidance for team members through coaching and extensive training in order to prepare them for success.
If you would like to understand OKRs and how they can benefit your business, check this OKR guide.
Are you ready to take your organization to the next level? If you are, then be sure to follow the above practices adopted by Google. For more insights, check out the Google OKR video.
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If you liked this article and you are looking for a way to align everyone in your organization, let’s have a call or simply download our OKR Guide. We also offer OKR consulting and OKR training, but our approach differs from other companies, we believe OKRs should be fully integrated with your product development.